Electric cars have several important advantages over traditional gasoline cars. The most obvious and the most talked about advantage of electric car is that it is 100 percent emission-free. This means that unlike traditional gasoline cars electric cars do not contribute to climate change.
Electric cars are much more energy efficient compared to traditional gasoline cars. The overall efficiency of an electric car is 48 percent, significantly better compared to traditional gasoline cars that achieve efficiency of around 25%.
Unlike traditional cars electric cars are very silent so they are not connected with noise pollution issue.
Electric cars also guarantee maximum safety as there is no gasoline involved so they will not catch fire or blow up if you crash into something.
Electric cars are also very compact and convenient.
Electric cars have very affordable cost of recharge. In average, electric cars have recharge costs of 2 cents per mile compared with 12 cents a mile on gasoline.
The lifetime of an electric car's motor is estimated to be around 90 years, if you drive it fifty miles a day.
Electric cars have significantly lower maintenance compared to traditional gasoline cars because electric car has only around 5 moving parts in its motor, compared to a gasoline car that has hundreds of parts in its internal combustion engine.
Electric cars also have some disadvantages and here are some of them:
The batteries for electric cars still cost a lot of money with total costs higher then $10000. The expensive batteries still remain the main reason behind the electric car's high upfront costs.
The fact that there is no noise connected to electric cars isn't always an advantage because the lack of the usual noise of an approaching vehicle poses a danger to blind, elderly and young children.
Many electric cars still have limited range and also often have significantly longer recharge times compared to the relatively fast process of refueling a tank of a gasoline powered car.
There are not that many public charging stations available in the country.
Heating issue. Cars used in colder climate require plenty of energy to heat the interior and defrost the windows. With gasoline gars the combustion process already transfers the waste heat from the engine while with electric cars heating requires extra energy from the electric car's battery.