Despite the fact that we live in 21st century, in the age of computers and a variety of high tech gadgets, there are still more than 1.2 billion people on the planet who do not have access to electricity. These people mostly live in isolated and rural areas that are not connected to the main electric grid. Is renewable energy solution to electricity in these areas?
The answer is yes, in this I firmly believe. And the solution to this issue lies in micro-scale power generation. Renewable microgrids are the most efficient solution to these areas.
Many countries could provide small power grids for their isolated and rural communities. The power would originate from renewable energy sources such as hydro, wind or solar.
These communities do not require large and expensive power stations but rather renewable energy powered microgrids to provide enough power for people that live in these areas.
Each rural community can take advantage of its locally abundant renewable energy source(s). Whether it is the wind blowing across the hills or whether it is the nearby river, it really doesn't make a difference, as long as it can generate electricity.
Many areas require small renewable energy projects. There is no unique template for each community and the prime factor for deciding the way to go should be cost-efficiency.
One thing is certain, renewable energy is currently the best option for the electrification of many rural areas across the globe.