In order to make your wind energy project economically viable wind turbine placement is one of the most important factors to consider. The good selection of location for your wind turbine can in many cases mean the difference between economic success and failure to even return the investment.
The location needs to have constantly high wind speeds to ensure the maximum efficiency but there are some other factors that need to be considered. These factors include the availability of transmission lines, value of energy to be produced, cost of land acquisition, land use considerations, and you should also consider the environmental impact that wind turbine will have in certain area, especially when building large wind turbines.
If we are to compare offshore and onshore wind turbines we can see that the higher wind speeds of offshore wind turbines justify higher construction costs that offshore wind energy projects have. Because of the constant high wind speeds and smaller environmental impact offshore wind projects are becoming more and more popular, even despite the higher construction costs.
When choosing the perfect placement for wind turbine many wind farm designers use specialized wind energy software applications to evaluate the impact of these major factors on a given wind farm design.
Wind power density is another thing that I should mention in this article. Wind power density presents a calculation of the effective power of the wind at a particular location, and is measured in watts per square meter. Wind power density gives clear indicators on how much energy is available at certain site for conversion by a wind turbine. In the United States, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory classifies wind power density into ascending classes. The larger the wind power density at certain location, the higher it is rated by class.
To conclude wind turbine placement needs to take into account lot of different factors in order to ensure its main objective of maximizing energy production. Since there are many different factors involved special wind energy software applications are doing the best job in determining efficiency and economic benefits of given wind energy project.